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      雙語:Johnson & Johnson Delays Vaccine Rollout in Europe
      發布時間:2021年05月12日     發布人:nanyuzi  
      來源: FT每日英語
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      Johnson & Johnson Delays Vaccine Rollout in Europe After US Health Agencies Call for Pause

      強生推遲在歐洲推出新冠疫苗

       

      Johnson & Johnson said it would delay the planned rollout of its Covid-19 vaccine in Europe after US health agencies called for a pause of the jab’s use on Americans while they investigate several incidents of rare blood clots.


      強生公司(Johnson & Johnson)表示,將推遲在歐洲推出其新型冠狀病毒肺炎(COVID-19,即2019冠狀病毒?。┮呙绲挠媱?。此前,美國衛生機構已建議暫停給美國人接種這款疫苗,同時正在對多起罕見的血栓事件進行調查。


      In a joint statement on Tuesday, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration said they were reviewing six reported US cases of “rare and severe” blood clots in individuals who had received the J&J vaccine. The individuals were all women aged between 18 and 48, who developed symptoms six to 13 days after vaccination.


      在周二發布的一份聯合聲明中,美國疾病控制與預防中心(CDC)和美國食品藥品監督管理局(FDA)表示,它們正在調查美國報告的6例接種強生疫苗后出現“罕見且嚴重”血栓的病例。這些病例中的患者全部為年齡在18至48歲之間的女性,她們在接種強生疫苗6至13天后出現了上述癥狀。


      Peter Marks, the head of the division at the FDA that oversees vaccines, said scientists believed the J&J vaccine was causing similar severe reactions to those experienced by a small number of people who have received the AstraZeneca shot.


      FDA疫苗監管部門負責人彼得·馬克斯(Peter Marks)表示,科學家們認為,強生疫苗引發的嚴重反應,與少數阿斯利康(AstraZeneca)疫苗接種者身上出現的反應類似。


      “The probable cause that we believe may be involved here is a similar mechanism that may be going on with the other adenoviral vector vaccine,” he said. “That is an immune response that occurs very, very rarely after some people receive the vaccine. That immune response leads to activation of these platelets and these extremely rare blood clots.”


      “我們認為可能導致了這種情況的原因,與其他腺病毒載體疫苗可能涉及的機制類似?!彼f,“這是一種免疫反應,是一部分人接種疫苗后出現的非常、非常罕見的反應。這種免疫反應會導致血小板被激活、引發極其罕見的血栓?!?


      The intervention from the US agencies is only a recommendation, although CVS and Walgreens, two of the country’s biggest pharmacy chains, immediately paused their use of the vaccine.


      雖然美國衛生機構只是建議暫停接種,但美國兩大連鎖藥店CVS和沃爾格林(Walgreens)都立即暫停了使用該疫苗。


      US officials said they expect the pause to last “a matter of days”, with the CDC’s vaccine advisory committee due to meet on Wednesday to debate whether to continue recommending the vaccine for everyone.


      美國官員表示,他們預計此次暫停將持續“數天”,CDC的疫苗咨詢委員會將于周三開會,討論是否繼續向所有人推薦接種這款疫苗。


      The European Medicines Agency said it was a continuing a probe announced last week with a view to deciding whether “regulatory action may be necessary”. It was “currently not clear” if there was a causal link between the vaccine and the blood clot symptoms, it said. However, J&J took pre-emptive action, announcing that it would halt its planned rollout of the jab in Europe, which was due to start on Wednesday.


      歐洲藥品管理局(EMA)表示,它正在繼續進行上周宣布的一項調查,目的是決定“是否有必要采取監管行動”。該局表示,“目前尚不清楚”強生疫苗與血栓癥狀之間是否存在因果聯系。然而,強生已經搶先行動,宣布將暫停原定于周三在歐洲推出其疫苗的計劃。


      “We are aware that thromboembolic events including those with thrombocytopenia have been reported with Covid-19 vaccines,” J&J said in a statement. “At present, no clear causal relationship has been established between these rare events and the Janssen [J&J] Covid-19 vaccine,” it said, adding that it was working closely with experts and regulators to assess the data.


      “我們獲悉,在接種新冠疫苗后,已經出現血栓事件、包括血小板減少癥患者的報告?!睆娚谝环萋暶髦斜硎??!澳壳安淮_定這些罕見事件與強生新冠疫苗之間是否存在明確的因果關系?!痹摴颈硎?,并稱正在與專家和監管機構密切合作,對數據進行評估。


      The delay to the planned rollout in Europe is another setback for the EU, which had hoped J&J’s vaccine would enable member states to accelerate sluggish vaccination campaigns following months of squeezed supply and logistical problems.


      強生推遲在歐洲推出疫苗是歐盟遭遇的另一大挫折。歐盟曾寄希望于強生疫苗能夠讓各成員國遲緩的疫苗接種工作加快腳步,持續數月的疫苗供應緊張和物流問題一直困擾著歐盟。


      J&J was due to supply 55m of the 360m doses that the EU is expecting to receive in the second quarter. Since J&J is a single-shot vaccine – the other approved Covid-19 vaccines require two doses – 55m shots are enough to immunise just over a quarter of the 207m people the bloc hopes to vaccinate between April and June.


      歐盟預計在第二季度接收3.6億劑疫苗,其中5500萬劑原定由強生提供。由于強生疫苗是一款單劑疫苗(其他獲批的新冠疫苗均需接種兩劑),5500萬劑疫苗足以承包歐盟4月至6月接種目標——2.07億人——的逾四分之一。

       新冠疫苗

      “This is quite a significant blow if the rollout of the J&J vaccine is delayed for several weeks,” said David Oxley, senior Europe economist at Capital Economics.


      凱投宏觀(Capital Economics)高級歐洲經濟學家戴維·奧克斯利(David Oxley)表示:“如果強生疫苗推出的時間推遲數周,這將是一個相當巨大的打擊?!?


      The call to suspend the rollout of the J&J vaccine because of blood clot fears follows similar issues with the AstraZeneca jab, which were investigated by the EMA. Last week, the EMA concluded that very rare cases of unusual blood clots should be listed as a side effect of the AstraZeneca vaccine.


      在強生疫苗因可能引發血栓而被叫停接種之前,阿斯利康疫苗已遭遇了類似問題,EMA已對后者展開了調查。上周,EMA得出結論稱,非常罕見的血栓病例應被列為阿斯利康疫苗的副作用之一。


      Both jabs are adenovirus-based vaccines. The BioNTech/Pfizer and Moderna shots use messenger RNA technology. Moderna and BioNTech shares jumped 10.5 per cent and 6.1 per cent, respectively, on Tuesday as the vaccine makers benefited from news of the J&J pause.


      這兩款疫苗都是腺病毒載體疫苗。BioNTech/輝瑞(Pfizer)和莫德納(Moderna)疫苗使用的都是信使核糖核酸(mRNA)技術。受益于強生疫苗暫停接種的消息,莫德納和BioNTech的股價周二分別上漲10.5%和6.1%。


      Norway’s health authorities estimated that their vaccination plans could be delayed by eight to 12 weeks if they could not use either the J&J or the Oxford/AstraZeneca vaccine.


      挪威衛生部門估計,如果強生和牛津/阿斯利康疫苗都無法使用,該國的疫苗接種計劃可能延誤8至12周。


      In the US, almost 7m doses of the J&J vaccine have already been administered. Federal vaccine distribution sites will stop using the jab, and individual states are likely to follow suit. New York health commissioner Howard Zucker said in a statement on Tuesday morning that the state would follow the federal recommendation and suspend using the jabs “immediately” while the vaccine was evaluated.


      美國已經接種近700萬劑強生疫苗。聯邦疫苗分發點將停止使用該疫苗,各州很可能也將停用。紐約州衛生專員霍華德·朱克(Howard Zucker)在周二上午發表的一份聲明中表示,在該疫苗接受調查期間,該州將聽從聯邦的建議,“立即”暫停使用該疫苗。


      Anyone with an existing appointment for the J&J vaccine at the state’s mass vaccination states would be given the Pfizer shot instead, Zucker said.


      朱克表示,所有已在該州的大規模接種計劃中預約強生疫苗的人都將改為接種輝瑞疫苗。


      Eric Kremer, an expert in adenoviruses at the Montpellier Molecular Genetics Institute, said that while the side effect was “extremely rare”, the J&J cases did not look “encouraging”.


      蒙彼利埃分子遺傳學研究所(IGMM)腺病毒專家埃里克·克雷默(Eric Kremer)表示,雖然這一副作用“極其罕見”,但強生相關病例看起來并不“樂觀”。


      Cody Meissner, chief of paediatric infectious diseases at Tufts Children’s Hospital and a member of the FDA’s immunisation advisory panel, said: “It’s not completely surprising that there appears to be some association with blood clots because the AstraZeneca vaccine also used an adenovirus.”


      塔夫茨兒童醫院(Tufts Children’s Hospital)小兒傳染病負責人、FDA免疫顧問小組成員科迪·邁斯納(Cody Meissner)表示:該疫苗似乎與血栓有某種聯系,這并不完全出人意料,因為阿斯利康的疫苗也使用了腺病毒(載體)。


      South Africa also suspended use of the J&J vaccine on Tuesday in response to the US pause. South Africa has used J&J doses to vaccinate nearly 300,000 health workers to date with no reports of clotting disorders linked to jabs in the country.


      美國建議暫停接種強生疫苗后,南非周二也暫停了使用該疫苗。南非已經為近30萬名醫務工作者接種了強生疫苗,到目前為止未出現與該疫苗相關的血栓事件報告。


      Zweli Mkhize, South Africa’s health minister, said that the suspension was “a precautionary halting” in order to understand the US decision, not a complete rejection of the J&J shot, which has become a major plank of the country’s rollout plan with over 30m doses on order.


      南非衛生部長茲韋利·姆希澤(Zweli Mkhize)表示,此次暫停只是“預防性的”,是為了弄清楚美國的決定,而非完全拒絕強生疫苗。強生疫苗是南非疫苗接種計劃的主力,該國已訂購超過3000萬劑強生疫苗。


      “We hope the deliberations will only take a matter of days,” Mkhize added. “We expect it should not have a significant impact on the rollout.”


      姆希澤補充說:“我們希望調查只需要幾天時間。我們預計此舉不會對該疫苗的推廣接種產生重大影響?!?


      The CDC and FDA said the symptoms of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis and low blood platelet levels discovered in the six women – the same symptoms identified in recipients of the AstraZeneca vaccine – may require different treatment to typical blood clots and that anticoagulant drugs “may be dangerous”.


      美國CDC和FDA表示,6名女性出現的顱內靜脈竇血栓形成(CVST)和血小板減少癥——與阿斯利康疫苗接種者中出現的癥狀相同——可能需要不同于針對常見血栓的治療方式,使用抗凝藥物“可能有風險”。


      The White House insisted the pause would not prevent it hitting its target of overseeing 200m vaccinations in the Biden administration’s first 100 days.


      白宮堅稱,此次暫停并不會影響拜登(Biden)政府在執政頭100天完成2億劑疫苗接種的目標。


      “This announcement will not have a significant impact on our vaccination plan: Johnson & Johnson vaccine makes up less than 5 per cent of the recorded shots in arms in the United States to date,” Jeff Zients, the co-ordinator of the president’s Covid-19 task force, said in a statement.


      總統新冠肺炎特別工作組協調員杰夫·齊恩茨(Jeff Zients)在一份聲明中表示:“宣布暫停(使用強生疫苗)不會對我們的疫苗接種計劃產生重大影響:強生疫苗在美國迄今錄得的疫苗已接種劑數中只占不到5%?!?


      “Based on actions taken by the president earlier this year, the United States has secured enough Pfizer and Moderna doses for 300m Americans.”


      “得益于總統今年早些時候采取的行動,美國已搞定足夠為3億美國人接種的輝瑞和莫德納疫苗?!?


      Pfizer plans to ramp up production of its vaccine, chief executive Albert Bourla tweeted Tuesday. The company now expects to be able to supply the US 10 per cent more doses, for a total of 220m, by the end of next month, and the 300m agreed with Washington by mid-July, a fortnight earlier than planned.


      輝瑞首席執行官艾伯樂(Albert Bourla)周二在Twitter上表示,該公司計劃加大疫苗產量。該公司目前預計,到下月底將能夠把供給美國的疫苗數量增加10%,達到2.2億劑;到7月中旬完成與華盛頓約定的3億劑疫苗供應,比原計劃提前兩周。


      Additional reporting by Donato Paolo Mancini in Rome, Richard Milne in Oslo, Michael Peel in Brussels, Martin Arnold in Frankfurt and Joseph Cotterill in Johannesburg.


      多納托·保羅·曼奇尼(Donato Paolo Mancini)羅馬、理查德·米爾恩(Richard Milne)奧斯陸、邁克爾·皮爾(Michael Peel)布魯塞爾、馬丁·阿諾德(Martin Arnold)法蘭克福、約瑟夫·科特里爾(Joseph Cotterill)約翰內斯堡補充報道。


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