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      英語世界
      18210244181 | 登錄 注冊
      公告
      雙語:聯合國維持和平行動聲明
      發布時間:2022年03月10日     發布人: nanyuzi
      來源: 聯合國
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      字號 簡體 繁體 打印

      United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

      聯合國維持和平行動聲明


      18 August 2021

      2021年8月18日


      At the 8838th meeting of the Security Council, held on 18 August 2021, in connection with the Council’s consideration of the item entitled “United Nations peacekeeping operations”, the President of the Security Council made the following statement on behalf of the Council:

      安全理事會主席在2021年8月18日安全理事會第8838次會議上,就安理會審議的題為“聯合國維持和平行動”的項目,代表安理會發表聲明如下:


      “The Security Council recalls its previous relevant resolutions and presidential statements addressing issues of peacekeeping.

      “安全理事會回顧其以往涉及維持和平問題的相關決議和主席聲明。


      “The Security Council underscores the importance of peacekeeping as one of the most effective tools available to the United Nations in the promotion and maintenance of international peace and security, and affirms that lasting peace is not achieved nor sustained by military and technical engagements alone, but through political solutions and strongly convinced that they should guide the design and deployment of United Nations peacekeeping operations.

      “安全理事會特別指出維持和平作為聯合國用于促進和維護國際和平與安全的最有效工具之一的重要性,申明持久和平無法僅通過軍事和技術干預手段得以實現或維持,而需憑借政治解決辦法,堅信政治解決應是聯合國維持和平行動設計和部署的導向。


      “The Security Council reaffirms the basic principles of peacekeeping, such as consent of the parties, impartiality, and non-use of force, except in self-defence and defence of the mandate.

      “安全理事會重申維持和平基本原則,諸如當事方同意、中立以及非自衛和履行授權不使用武力。


      “The Security Council recognizes that peacekeepers operate in challenging and perilous environments, and in this regard, expresses grave concern at the security threats and targeted attacks against United Nations peacekeepers in many peacekeeping missions, condemns in the strongest terms the killing of and all acts of violence against United Nations peacekeepers, including but not limited to detention and abduction of United Nations personnel serving in peacekeeping operations, recalls that attacks on peacekeepers may constitute war crimes, and pays tribute to all peacekeepers who lost their life while serving with the United Nations.

      “安全理事會認識到維持和平人員在充滿挑戰和危險的環境中開展行動,在這方面表示嚴重關切針對許多維持和平特派團內聯合國維持和平人員的安全威脅和有針對性襲擊,最強烈地譴責殺害聯合國維持和平人員和針對他們的一切暴力行為、包括但不限于拘留和綁架聯合國維持和平人員的行為,回顧指出,襲擊維持和平人員可能構成戰爭罪,并向所有為聯合國履行職責期間失去生命的維持和平人員表示敬意。


      “The Security Council underscores the importance it places on the safety and security of peacekeepers in the field and the need for the Secretary-General and troop- and police-contributing countries and Member States to work together to ensure that missions are adequately resourced and all peacekeepers in the field are willing, capable and equipped to implement their mandate effectively and safely.

      “安全理事會特別指出,安理會重視實地維持和平人員的安全和安保,秘書長、部隊和警察派遣國及會員國需協力確保特派團資源適足、實地所有維持和平人員具備有效、安全地執行任務的意愿、能力和裝備。


      “The Security Council recognizes that technology has the potential to act as a force multiplier by enhancing performance, saving resources, simplifying work processes, and allowing peacekeeping missions to have a deeper understanding of the environments they operate in, through improved collection, analysis and dissemination of data; further emphasizing that existing and new technologies can support the safety and security of peacekeepers and the protection of civilians, by enabling effective and timely decision-making including through early warning and response.

      “安全理事會認識到,技術可用于更好地收集、分析和傳播數據,據以提高業績、節省資源、簡化工作流程,并使維持和平特派團能夠更深入了解所處的工作環境,因此,技術有可能成為戰力倍增手段;進一步強調,現有技術和新技術有助于有效和及時的決策,包括作出預警和反應,從而能夠為維持和平人員的安全和安保以及保護平民工作提供支持。


      “The Security Council, noting that peacekeepers are deployed in deteriorating and complex political and security environments, and face asymmetrical and complex threats including from terrorism, stresses the need to leverage the technological tools available to support greater situational awareness of peacekeeping missions and their front-line peacekeepers through measures to improve information acquisition and analysis capacities, including surveillance and monitoring capacities, that will strengthen capacity to take informed decisions at the tactical, operational and strategic levels, within the limits of their mandate and area of operation and in line with existing United Nations guidelines and regulations and consistent with international law, including international humanitarian law.

      “安全理事會注意到,維持和平人員部署在日益惡化和復雜的政治和安全環境中,面臨著不對稱和復雜的威脅,包括恐怖主義造成的威脅,強調指出需利用現有技術工具,采取措施改善信息獲取和分析能力,包括監視和監測能力,以此支持增強維持和平特派團及其前線維持和平人員的態勢感知,這將加強在任務和行動區范圍內,按照現行聯合國規章制度,根據包括國際人道法在內的國際法,在戰術、行動和戰略層面作出知情決定的能力。


      “The Security Council encourages better integration of existing and new technologies, especially digital technology, to enhance field support, implementation of safety and security, and protection of civilians tasks of Security Council mandates, and encourages troop- and police-contributing countries and field missions to support field-focused, reliable, and cost-effective technologies that are driven by the practical needs of end users on the ground, including taking into consideration a gender perspective, consistent with international human rights law and international humanitarian law, and in this regard stresses the need for consultations with Member States and host countries, as appropriate.

      “安全理事會鼓勵更好地整合現有技術和新技術,特別是數字技術,以加強外地支助、加強落實安全和安保及加強執行安全理事會任務規定的保護平民工作,鼓勵部隊和警察派遣國以及外地特派團支持以實地最終用戶實際 需要為驅動、包括考慮到性別平等視角、符合國際人權法和國際人道法、注重實地、可靠和具有成本效益的技術,并在這方面強調指出,需酌情與會員國和東道國協商。


      “The Security Council encourages continued efforts to enhance peacekeepers’ operational readiness and performance in the use of standardized technologies and services, and notes the development of a strategy for the digital transformation of United Nations peacekeeping, following up on the Secretary-General’s Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative including on performance, safety and security, and protection.

      “安全理事會鼓勵繼續努力提高維持和平人員在使用標準化技術和服務方面的業務準備和業績,并注意到根據秘書長以行動促維和倡議制定聯合國維持和平行動數字化轉型戰略的工作,包括關于業績、安全和安保以及保護等方面。


      “The Security Council notes the Secretary-General’s ongoing initiatives, including the UNITE Aware platform, which seek to integrate the technological and innovative capacities of Member States with the specific needs of the peacekeeping missions, and encourages the participation of Member States in supporting such initiatives.

      “安全理事會注意到秘書長正在采取的舉措,包括UNITE Aware平臺,旨在使會員國的技術和創新能力與維持和平特派團的具體需要相整合,鼓勵會員國參與支持這些舉措。


      “The Security Council welcomes the commitment expressed by the Member States to support environmentally-responsible solutions in United Nations peacekeeping operations, and in this regard supports efforts by the Secretary-General and troop- and police-contributing countries to enable United Nations peacekeeping missions to increase the use of renewable energy technologies, which can enhance the safety and security of United Nations personnel, mission efficiency, and sustainability.

      “安全理事會注意到,維持和平人員部署在日益惡化和復雜的政治和安全環境中,面臨著不對稱和復雜的威脅,包括恐怖主義造成的威脅,強調指出需利用現有技術工具,采取措施改善信息獲取和分析能力,包括監視和監測能力,以此支持增強維持和平特派團及其前線維持和平人員的態勢感知,這將加強在任務和行動區范圍內,按照現行聯合國規章制度,根據包括國際人道法在內的國際法,在戰術、行動和戰略層面作出知情決定的能力。


      “The Security Council encourages the Secretary-General to continue to work with Member States in exploring available and future technologies and best practices that can contribute towards the safety and security of peacekeepers and protection of civilians, and allow for safer and more effective peacekeeping missions, with a focus on technology solutions that are cost-effective and mission appropriate.

      “安全理事會鼓勵秘書長繼續與會員國合作,探索現有和未來可用于促進維持和平人員安全和安保及保護平民工作并使維持和平特派團更加安全和有效的技術和最佳做法,重點置于具有成本效益和適合特派團的技術解決方案。


      “The Security Council encourages the Secretary-General to provide updates on the use of new technology in supporting United Nations peacekeeping missions, as appropriate, in his periodic reporting.”

      “安全理事會鼓勵秘書長在定期報告中提供關于酌情使用新技術支持聯合國維持和平特派團的最新信息?!?nbsp;

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