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      雙語:中國力量為維護全球糧食安全作出積極貢獻
      發布時間:2022年08月25日     發布人: nanyuzi
      來源: 駐伊朗使館
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      China Actively Contributes to Maintain Global Food Security

      中國力量為維護全球糧食安全作出積極貢獻

       

      Chinese ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Iran Chang Hua

      駐伊朗大使常華

       

      8 June 2022

      2022年6月8日

       

      Currently there is a severe shortage in the global food supply. The Russia-Ukraine conflict has virtually cut off Russia and Ukraine, both major grains exporters, from the global grains trade system. The sanctions imposed by the US and other western countries on Russia have had a grave impact on its export of grains and fertilizers, which has made the situation even worse. As a responsible major country, China has not only successfully guaranteed the food supply of more than 1.4 billion people but also contributed Chinese solutions, Chinese wisdom and Chinese strength to safeguarding global food security with practical actions. However, some Western countries have taken advantage of the food shortage panic in the international community, especially some suffered most countries, to smear China’s “hoarding grains” in the international market. The sinister intention of politicizing and weaponizing the “food crisis” is evident enough.

      當前全球糧食供應面臨極端緊張的局面。俄烏沖突使作為全球重要糧食出口國的俄羅斯、烏克蘭幾乎退出全球糧貿體系,而美西方對俄制裁導致俄羅斯糧食和化肥出口受到嚴重影響,更使局面雪上加霜。中國作為負責任大國,不僅成功保障14億多人口糧食供給,還以實際行動為維護全球糧食安全貢獻中國方案、中國智慧、中國力量。而個別西方國家卻利用國際社會特別是部分國家的缺糧恐慌,大肆抹黑中國在國際市場“囤積糧食”,將“糧食危機”政治化、武器化的險惡居心昭然若揭。

       

      Of all things, food, as the basic necessity of the people, matters most. The Chinese government always attaches great importance to the issue of food security. We follow the vision on food security that is centered on “self-sufficiency in grain supply and absolute security of staple grains”. The year 2021 marks the seventh consecutive year that China secured an annual grain production of over 1.3 trillion jin (650 million tonnes). China stands as the world’s largest grain producer and third-largest grain exporter. We have the capability and confidence of being self-reliant in securing our own food supply. It is unnecessary for China to “hoard grains” in the international market.

      悠悠萬事,吃飯為大。中國政府始終高度重視糧食安全問題,我們奉行的是“谷物基本自給、口糧絕對安全”的糧食安全觀。到2021年,中國糧食產量已經連續7年穩定在1.3萬億斤以上,是世界第一大糧食生產國和第三大糧食出口國。中國完全有條件、有能力、有信心依靠自身力量把中國人的飯碗牢牢地端在自己手上,沒有必要去國際市場“囤積糧食”。

       

      China has managed to feed one-fifth of the world’s population with a quarter of the world’s total food production on less than 9% of the world’s arable land. This achievement is in itself a significant contribution to world food security. In the meantime, China has shown its responsibility as a major country and made positive contributions to ensuring global food security. Under the Global Development Initiative put forward by China, food security is one of the eight priority areas of cooperation. We will mobilize efforts from all parties across the globe to draw on each other’s advantages, and pool the strength for achieving all sustainable development goals including food security. China has always been an important strategic partner of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in South-South cooperation. In recent years, we have donated a total of $130 million to the FAO’s South-South Cooperation Programme. China has sent a large number of experts and technical personnel to countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and to Pacific Island Countries. China has donated the largest amount of funds, sent the most experts, and undertaken the most projects under the framework of the FAO’s South-South Cooperation Programme among all developing countries. Since the start of COVID-19, China has responded actively to the appeal of the UN and other international organizations by providing emergency food assistance to many countries. China’s contribution to stabilizing world food production and supply has been widely praised by the international community.

      中國用不足全球9%的土地實現了約占世界四分之一的糧食產量,養活了世界五分之一的人口,本身就是對世界糧食安全的重大貢獻。同時,中國展現大國擔當,為保障全球糧食安全作出積極貢獻。中方提出的全球發展倡議,把糧食安全作為八大重點合作領域之一,將在全球范圍內動員各方力量,推動優勢互補,為實現包括糧食安全在內的所有可持續發展目標匯聚最大合力。中國一直是聯合國糧農組織南南合作的重要戰略伙伴。近年來,我們累計向糧農組織南南合作基金捐款1.3億美元,向亞洲、非洲、拉美和加勒比地區、太平洋島國派遣了大批專家和技術人員,是聯合國糧農組織南南合作框架下資金援助最多、派出專家最多、開展項目最多的發展中國家。新冠肺炎疫情發生以來,中方積極響應聯合國等國際組織倡議,向一些國家提供緊急糧食援助。中方為穩定世界糧食生產和供應作出的積極貢獻,受到國際社會普遍贊賞。

       

      Besides, China actively advocates reducing food loss and food waste. If the world can reduce food loss by one percentage point, we can save up to 28 million tonnes of food that is enough to feed 70 million people. President Xi Jinping has stressed the importance of food conservation on many occasions. In 2021, China held the International Conference on Food Loss and Waste, which received a warm response from the international community including G20 member states.

      此外,中方還積極倡導糧食減損和減少浪費。世界糧食每減損一個百分點,就相當于減少2800萬噸損失,可多養活7000萬人。習近平主席多次強調要加強糧食節約工作。2021年中國舉辦了國際糧食減損大會,得到包括二十國集團成員在內的國際社會積極響應。

       

      The future of all countries is closely linked, the more difficult the situation is, the more important it is for us to enhance solidarity. We should choose dialogue over confrontation, tear down walls rather than erect walls, pursue integration instead of decoupling, opt for inclusiveness, not exclusion, and guide reforms of the global governance system with the principle of fairness and justice. At a time when the sharp rise in food prices further accentuates the imbalance between supply and demand and brings severe impact to developing countries, we call on all countries to shoulder common responsibility. We should increase food supply by stabilizing production, reducing food loss and ensuring a smooth supply channel, and at the same time reduce food waste and make earnest efforts in food conservation in order to safeguard global food security.

      各國前途命運緊密相連,越是在困難面前,越應同舟共濟,要堅持對話而不對抗、拆墻而不筑墻、融合而不脫鉤、包容而不排他,以公平正義為理念引領全球治理體系變革。在當前糧食價格大幅上漲、供需不平衡問題進一步突出、廣大發展中國家遭受劇烈沖擊的形勢下,我們呼吁各國肩負共同責任,在糧食供給方面做好“加法”,確保生產穩定、顆粒歸倉、供應暢通;在糧食損失與浪費方面做好“減法,踏踏實實做好食物節約,切實維護全球糧食安全。

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