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      雙語:中國致力于保障全球糧食安全
      發布時間:2022年09月28日     發布人: nanyuzi
      來源: 駐拉各斯總領館
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      China Contributes to Global Food Security

      中國致力于保障全球糧食安全

       

      China’s Consul General in Lagos Chu Maoming

      駐拉各斯總領事儲茂明

       

      16 June 2022

      2022年6月16日

       

      Recently, a few people in some Western countries have been accusing China of “hoarding grains” in the international market. They demand more actions from China for global food security.

      近期,個別西方國家批評中國在國際市場“囤積糧食”,并要求中國為全球糧食安全采取更多行動。

       

      I must point out that the Chinese government always attaches great importance to the issue of food security. China follows a vision on food security that is centered on “self-sufficiency in grain supply and absolute security of staple grains”. The year 2021 marks the seventh consecutive year that China secured an annual grain production of over 650 million tonnes. China stands as the world’s largest grain producer and third largest grain exporter. China has the capability and confidence of being self-reliant in securing her own food supply. It is unnecessary for China to “hoard grains” in the international market.

      我必須指出的是,中國政府始終高度重視糧食安全問題,并奉行“谷物基本自給、口糧絕對安全”的糧食安全觀。到2021年,中國實現糧食年產量連續七年超過6.5億噸。作為世界第一大糧食生產國和第三大糧食出口國,中國有能力,也有信心依靠自身力量把中國人的飯碗牢牢地端在自己手上,沒有必要去國際市場“囤積糧食”。

       

      China has managed to feed one fifth of the world’s population with a quarter of the world’s total food production on less than 9% of the world’s arable land. This achievement is in itself a significant contribution to world food security. In the meantime, China has shown its responsibility as a major country and made positive contributions to ensuring global food security. Under the Global Development Initiative put forward by China, food security is one of the eight priority areas of cooperation. China will mobilize efforts from all parties across the globe to draw on each other’s advantages, and pool the strength for achieving all sustainable development goals including food security. China has always been an important strategic partner of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in South-South cooperation. In recent years, China has donated a total of $130 million to the FAO’s South-South Cooperation Programme. China has sent a large number of experts and technical personnel to countries in Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean and to Pacific Island Countries. China has donated the largest amount of fund, sent the most experts, and undertaken the most projects under the framework of the FAO’s South-South Cooperation Programme among all developing countries. Since the start of COVID-19, China has responded actively to the appeal of the United Nations and other international organizations by providing emergency food assistance to many countries. China’s contribution to stabilizing world food production and supply has been widely praised by the international community.

      中國用不足全球9%的土地實現了約占世界四分之一的糧食產量,養活了世界五分之一的人口,本身就是對世界糧食安全的重大貢獻。同時,中國展現大國擔當,為保障全球糧食安全作出積極貢獻。中方提出的全球發展倡議,把糧食安全作為八大重點合作領域之一,將在全球范圍內動員各方力量,推動優勢互補,為實現包括糧食安全在內的所有可持續發展目標匯聚最大合力。中國一直是聯合國糧農組織南南合作的重要戰略伙伴。近年來,我們累計向糧農組織南南合作基金捐款1.3億美元,向亞洲、非洲、拉美和加勒比地區、太平洋島國派遣了大批專家和技術人員,是聯合國糧農組織南南合作框架下資金援助最多、派出專家最多、開展項目最多的發展中國家。新冠肺炎疫情發生以來,中方積極響應聯合國等國際組織倡議,向一些國家提供緊急糧食援助。中方為穩定世界糧食生產和供應作出的積極貢獻,受到國際社會普遍贊賞。

       

      Besides, China actively advocates reducing food loss and food waste. If the world can reduce food loss by one percentage point, we can save up to 28 million tonnes of food that is enough to feed 70 million people. President Xi Jinping has stressed the importance of food conservation on many occasions. In 2021, China held the International Conference on Food Loss and Waste, which received warm response from the international community including G20 member states.

      此外,中方還積極倡導糧食減損和減少浪費。世界糧食減損一個百分點,就相當于減少2800萬噸損失,可多養活7000萬人。習近平主席多次強調要加強糧食節約工作。2021年中國舉辦了國際糧食減損大會,得到包括二十國集團成員在內的國際社會積極響應。

       

      I am sad to see that in many developing countries with food shortage, people do not have enough to eat while in some developed countries, food often goes uneaten and gets dumped in trash cans. The amount of food wasted in developed countries each year is nearly as much as the sum of food produced in sub-Saharan Africa. According to the Department of Agriculture of the United States, food waste is estimated at between 30-40% of the food supply in the country. In 2018, food waste in the United States totaled 103 million tons, with an approximate value of $161 billion.

      我也遺憾地看到,不少發展中國家面臨糧食短缺,一碗分成兩碗吃;部分發達國家則“暴殄天物”,一碗吃一碗倒。發達國家每年食物浪費量接近撒哈拉以南非洲所產食物的總和。根據美國農業部的數據,美國每年有30—40%的食物被浪費,2018年食物浪費總量就達1.03億噸,價值1610億美元。

       

      China urges relevant countries to reduce food waste, fulfill their due international obligations and shoulder more international responsibilities. Instead of racking their brains to make an issue of other countries, they should do their own homework well, take earnest efforts to save food, maintain the steady operation of international trade in agricultural products and help developing countries improve the capacity of food production in order to uphold global food security.

      中國敦促有關國家減少不必要的食物浪費,履行應有國際義務,承擔更多國際責任。與其絞盡腦汁拿別國做文章,不如從自身做起,踏踏實實做好食物節約,維護國際農產品貿易平穩運行,幫助發展中國家提高糧食生產能力,切實維護全球糧食安全。

       

      The more difficult the situation is, the more important it is for people to enhance solidarity. At a time when the international food supply chain is coming under impact, China calls on all countries to shoulder common responsibility. Countries across the globe should increase food supply by stabilizing production and ensuring smooth supply, and at the same time reduce food loss and food waste and make earnest efforts in food conservation in order to safeguard global food security.

      越是在困難面前,越應同舟共濟。在當前國際糧食供應鏈遭受沖擊的形勢下,中國呼吁各國肩負共同責任,在糧食供給方面做好“加法”,確保生產穩定、顆粒歸倉、供應暢通;在糧食損失與浪費方面做好“減法”,踏踏實實做好食物節約,切實維護全球糧食安全。

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