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      Rule
      發布時間:2019年01月07日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Rule

      規則

       

      A term used in Linguistics, and especially in generative grammar, to refer to a formal statement of correspondence between linguistic elements or structures. In the classical account, a grammar is seen as a set of rewrite rules which will generate all and only the grammatical sentences of a language.The rules may be subclassified in terms of the components of the grammar in which they appear (e.g. ‘phonological rules’, ‘syntactic rules’, ‘lexical rules’). In Syntactic Structures (1957), a distinction was made between optional and obligatory rules. Other types of rule commonly cited include recursive, global, movement, readjustment, variable, lexical insertion and lexical redundancy rules. The linguistic sense thus contrasts with the traditional use of the term, where rules are recommendations for correct usage. No prescriptive or proscriptive implication is present in the linguistic sense of ‘rule’.

       

      語言學特別是生成語法用來指對語言成分或結構之間對應關系的形式說明。按經典的解釋,一部語法可視作一批重寫規則的集合,能生成并且只生成一種語言的合乎語法的句子。規則可按其出現的語法組成部分分類(例如“音系規則”,“句法規則”,“詞匯規則”等)。在《句法結構》(1957)中規則分強制性和非強制性兩類。其他經常引用的規則類型有遞歸規則、全應規則、移位規則、重新調整規則、變項規則、詞匯插入規則、詞匯羨余規則等。規則的語言學涵義因此有別于傳統的用法,后者視規則為正確用法的規定,語言學所說的“規則”沒有任何規定或禁用的含義。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频