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      發布時間:2019年01月28日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      The largest structural unit in terms of which the grammar of a language is organized. Most linguistic definitions of the sentence show the influence of Leonard Bloomfield, who pointed to the structural autonomy, or independence, of the notion of sentence: it is ‘not included by virtue of any grammatical construction in any larger linguistic form’. Linguistic discussion of the sentence has focused on problems of identification, classification and generation. Identifying sentences is relatively straightforward in the written language, but is often problematic in speech, where intonation and pause may give uncertain clues as to whether a sentence boundary exists. Classification of sentence structure proceeds along many different lines, e.g. the binary constituent procedures of immediate-constituent analysis, or the hierarchical analyse of Hallidayan and other grammars. Most analysts agree on the need to recognize a functional classification of sentences into statement, question, command and exclamatory types. There is also widespread recognition of a formal classification into declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamative types.

       

      句子是構成一種語言的語法的最大結構單位。語言學對句子的定義大多受美國語言學家倫納德·布龍菲爾德的影響,他用結構自主性或獨立性來定義句子:句子“不作為一個語法構式包含在一個更大的語言形式內?!闭Z言學有關句子的討論集中在句子的識別、分類和概括三個問題上。句子的識別在書面語中較為簡單,但在口語中常成問題,語調和停頓只能提供句子界限不太明確的線索。句子結構的分類可用多種不同的方法進行,例如可用直接成分分析法這種二分組構成分分析程序,也可用韓禮德式的和其他語法的層級分析法。大多數分析者都同意有必要從功能上將句子分為陳述、提問、命令、感嘆等類型;也大多同意從形式上分為陳述句、疑問句、祈使句和感嘆句等類型。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频