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      Slot
      發布時間:2019年02月11日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Slot

      槽;槽位


      (1) A term used in grammatical analysis to refer to a place in a construction into which a class of items can be inserted. For example, in the sentence The children - home, the ‘slot’ marked by the dash can be ‘filled’ by came, are, went, etc. - a subclass of verbs. Approaches characterized by this emphasis are sometimes referred to as slot-and-filler models. The analysis of sentence structure in terms of slots is a major feature of tagmemic grammar, where the notion is used to identify the filler items (e.g. ‘subject slot’, ‘object slot’).

      (2) A term used in autosegmental phonology for an element on the skeletal tier. These elements are also known as V-slots and C-slots, referring to the segments to which vowels and consonants must associate if they are to be realized.

       

      (1)語法分析術語,指一個構式中可以插入一類語項的位置。例如,在句子The Children_____home“孩子們______家里”中,橫線標出的“槽”可“填入”came“來”、are“在”、went“去”等——動詞的一個子類。突出這種特點的分析法有時稱作槽與填充項模型。用槽來分析句子結構是法位學語法的一大特點,“槽”在那兒被用來識別一些填充項(例如“主語槽”,“賓語槽”)。

      (2)自主音段音系學術語,指骨架層上一類成分。這些成分也稱作V-槽和C-槽,指元音和輔音如要實現的話必須聯接的音段。

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