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      Surface Structure
      發布時間:2019年02月28日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Surface Structure

      表層結構

       

      A central theoretical term in transformational grammar, opposed to deep structure. The ‘surface structure’ of a sentence is the final stage in the syntactic representation of a sentence, which provides the input to the phonological component of the grammar, and which thus most closely corresponds to the structure of the sentence we articulate and hear. The standard view was that a grammar operates by generating a set of abstract deep structures, subsequently converting these underlying representations into surface structures by applying a set of transformational rules. An alternative conception related surface structure directly to a semantic level of representation, bypassing deep structure altogether. Later models introduce a modified notion known as S-structure. The term surface grammar is sometimes used as an information term for the superficial properties of the sentence.

       

      轉換語法的一個中心理論術語,與深層結構相對。句子的“表層結構”是句子的句法表征的最后一個階段,為語法的音系部分提供輸入,因此最接近于我們說出和聽到的結構。標準的觀點是,語法的操作過程是先生成一組抽象的深層結構,然后將這些底層表征式通過一組轉換規則變換稱表層結構。另一種觀點是將表層結構與語義表征層面直接聯系,干脆繞過深層結構。近年來已引入一個經修正的概念即所謂S-結構?!氨韺诱Z法”一語有時用來非正式地指句子的表面特性。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频