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      Traditional
      發布時間:2019年03月07日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Traditional

      傳統的

       

      A term used in linguistics, often pejoratively, in relation to grammar (traditional grammar) to refer to the set of attitudes, procedures and prescriptions characteristic of the prelinguistic era of language study, and especially of the European school grammars of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The emphasis on such matters as correctness, linguistic purism, literary excellence, the use of Latin models and the priority of the written language characterizes this approach, and is in contrast with the concern of linguistics for descriptive accuracy (appropriateness, criteria of analysis, comprehensiveness, explicitness, etc.). On the other hand, several basic concepts of contemporary grammatical analysis have their origins in pre-twentieth-century linguistic traditions, such as the notions of hierarchy, universals and word classification. The term ‘traditional’, too, has been applied to the major descriptive accounts of grammar in handbook form produced by several North European grammarians in the early twentieth century (e.g. Otto Jespersen’s Modern English Grammar on Historical principles (1909-40)) and even, these days, to the early period of generative grammar.

       

      語言學中這個術語跟語法相關(傳統語法),常帶有貶低的含義,指體現語言研究的前語言學時代特點的一套態度、程序和規定,特別指18和19世紀各種歐洲學派的語法。這類語法的特點包括:強調正確性、純語主義、文學至上這類觀點,采用拉丁語法模型和注重書面語等;與之相反,語言學關心的是描寫的精確性(得體性、分析的標準、全面性、明確性等)。另一方面,當代語法分析的一些基本概念都源自20世紀前的語言研究傳統,如層級、共相、詞類等?!皞鹘y的”也用來指20世紀初由北歐一些語法學家編寫的主要的描寫性語法手冊(如奧托·葉斯帕森的《基于歷史原則的現代英語語法》(1909-1940),甚至當今還用來指早期的生成語法。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频