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      Tagmemics(Tagma,Tagmatics)
      發布時間:2019年03月18日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      TagmemicsTagma,Tagmatics

      法位學(法位、法子、法子學)


      A system of linguistic analysis developed by the American linguist Kenneth Lee Pike (1912—2000), and used by the Summer Institute of Linguistics for the training of linguists. Language is seen as comprising three modes – phonology, lexicon and grammar. The relationship phonology: phoneme and lexicon: morpheme is paralleled by grammar: tagmeme. This basic grammatical unit consists of a ‘functional slot’ within a construction frame, and a class of substitutable items that can fill this slot (‘fillers’). The identity of the tagmeme is in its correlation of function and form, with both being explicitly labelled in the analysis (such functions as subject, predicate, head, modifier and such forms as pronouns, noun phrases, infinitives). Tagmemic analysis involves a distinction between essential units ( the tagmemes) and the non-essential units (the minimal etic units, called tagmas, which are analysed as allotagmas of the tagmeme). The identification and classification of tagmas is the province of tagmatics. The constructions which result from the stringing together of tagmemes are known as syntagmemes. Grammatical units are organized hierarchically into levels (morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, etc.).

      Units of language description, at any level in this approach, can be analysed simultaneously as particle (in terms of features), wave (in terms of their status as variants manifested in different contexts) and field (in terms of their distribution).


      美國語言學家肯尼思·李·派克(生于1912)創立的一種語言學分析系統,“語言學暑假學院”曾用來訓練語言學家。語言被視為由三個式組成,即音系、詞匯和語法。音系:音位和詞匯:語素的對應關系又與語法:法位相對應?!胺ㄎ弧边@個基本語法單位由構式框架中的一個“功能槽”和可填入這個槽的一類可替換語項“填充形式”組成。法位身份的確定在于功能和形式的相關性,兩者在分析中都有明確標記(如主語、謂語、中心語、修飾語等功能,代名詞、名詞短語、不定式等形式)。法位分析區分基本單位和非基本單位(最小非位單位,稱作法子,分析為法位的法位變體)。法子的識別和分類屬于法子學的范圍。將法位串聯起來組成的構式稱作組合法位。語法單位按層級組織成不同的層面(語素、詞、短語、小句、句子等)。

      這個理論在任何一個層面上的語言描寫單位都可同時分析為粒子(用特征定義)、波(用特征在不同語境中體現的各種變體的地位定義)和場(用特征的分布定義)。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频