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      Taxonomic
      發布時間:2019年03月19日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Taxonomic

      分類[]

       

      An application of the general sense of this term in biosystematics, to refer to an approach to linguistic analysis and description which is predominantly or exclusively concerned with classification. The basis of classification may be diachronic, areal, typological, functional, etc., and the entities being classified may be linguistic features, items, units, structures – or whole varieties, dialects or languages. The notion of taxonomy has been fruitfully applied in many areas of linguistics (sociolinguistics, historical linguistics, semantics and computational linguistics in particular). The limitations of a taxonomic approach in linguistic analysis have, however, been emphasized by generative linguists, who have criticized the overreliance of structuralist (or ‘taxonomic’) linguistics on procedures of segmentation and classification. In particular, the use of this label is intended to indicate the inability of structural linguistics to provide a level of explanation in terms of deep structure. Such phrases as ‘taxonomic phonology’, ‘taxonomic syntax’, etc., when used in generative linguistics, invariably have a pejorative implication.

       

      這個生物系統學的術語按其一般涵義用于語言學,指語言學分析和描寫的一種取向,即主要或只關心分類問題。分類的依據可以是歷時的、地域的、類型學的、功能的,等等,分類的對象可以是語言特征、語項、單位、結構等實體,或全部語言、語言變體或方言。分類學的概念已有效地應用于語言學的許多領域(特別是社會語言學、歷史語言學、語義學)。但是生成語言學家一直強調分類學方法在語言分析中的局限性,他們批評結構主義(或“分類學的”)語言學過分依賴切分和分類程序。他們主要用這個名稱來表明結構語言學在提供深層結構這樣的解釋平面方面無能為力?!胺诸愐粝祵W”、“分類句法學”等名稱用于生成語言學都一律含有貶義。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频