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      Utterance
      發布時間:2019年03月26日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Utterance

      話段


      A term used in linguistics and phonetics to refer to a stretch of speech about which no assumptions have been made in terms of linguistic theory (as opposed to the notion of sentence, which receives its definition from a theory of grammar). In principle, it is a physically definable, behavioural unit, capable of definition in everyday terms. One commonly used definition refers to a ‘stretch of speech preceded and followed by silence or a change of speaker’. But it has proved very difficult to construct a satisfactory definition. The definition just given, for instance, applies equally to a one-word response and a sermon, and attempts have been made to produce a more restricted definition, using such features as pause, rhythm, breath patterns, pitch movement, etc. The analogous term in the study of writing is text.


      語言學和語音學用來指語言學理論未作任何假設的一個言語片斷(與句子的概念對立,句子由一種語法理論定義)。大體上講話段是一個物理上可定義的行為單位,可以用日常語言來定義。一個常用定義是“前后有一個無聲階段或發生說話人轉換的一個言語片段”。但實際上要作出一個令人滿意的定義已被證明十分困難。例如上述定義既適用于一個詞的回答也適用于一次布道。有人試圖用停頓、節奏、呼吸型式、音高變化等特征作出更明確的定義。書面語研究中的類似術語是篇章。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频