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      Substantive
      發布時間:2019年05月07日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Substantive

      1)實體[共相]

      2)體詞

       

      (1) A term used in linguistic theory to refer to a category of linguistic universal; opposed to formal. Substantive universals are the primitive elements which a grammar establishes in order to analyse linguistic data, e.g. NP, VP, [+human], [+high] in generative grammar, or subject, verb, object, etc., in relational models.

      (2) In some descriptive grammars, substantive is a term used in the classification of words, referring to the class of nouns (traditionally defined as ‘substances’, i.e. names of persons, places, things, etc.), and also to those items which function as nouns, though lacking some of the formal characteristics of that class (cf. the ‘substantival function’ of adjectives). The set of pronouns may also be included in this class.

       

      (1)語言學理論用來指一類語言共相,與形式共相對立。實體共相是語法為分析語言數據而建立的各種基元成分,例如生成語法中的S,NP,VP,[+人類],[+高];各種關系模型中的主語、動詞和賓語等。

      (2)有些描寫語法給詞分類時用體詞指名詞類(傳統上定義為“實體”,即人、處所、事物的名稱),也指那些功能類似于名詞的語項,但缺乏名詞的某些形式特點(如形容詞的“體詞功能”),代名詞類也可歸入體詞類。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频