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      Substance
      發布時間:2019年05月08日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Substance

      實體

       

      A term used in linguistics to refer to the undifferentiated raw material out of which language is constructed - the sound waves of speech (phonic substance), the marks of writing (graphic substance). ‘Substance’ is here opposed to form - the abstract pattern of relationships imposed on this substance by a language. In Saussurean theory, meaning too is conceived as having substance, namely, the conceptual store of thoughts, feelings, etc., which exist independently of language. In modern Linguistics, however, the term tends to be restricted to the phonetic and graphetic media.

       

      語言學用來指用以構建語言的不加區分的原材料——言語的聲波(語音實體)和書寫標記(字形實體)。這里的“實體”對立于形式——語言加在實體上的抽象關系型式。在索緒爾式理論中,意義也被視為有實體,即獨立于語言存在的思想、感情等內存概念。但是現代語言學所指“實體”一般只限于語音和字形媒介。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频