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      發布時間:2019年05月17日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      (1) A term used in grammatical description to refer to a question structure (a tag question) usually consisting of an auxiliary verb plus pronoun, attached to the end of a statement in order to convey a negative or positive orientation. It may be invariable, as in French n’est-ce pas, German nicht wahr, or variable, as in English. In all cases, the intonation in which the tag is uttered determines its function – the contrast between ‘asking’ and ‘telling’. In English, in addition to this, the polarity of the tag is usually the reverse of that found in the main clause: a positive clause takes a negative tag, and vice versa. Sometimes, two positive clauses are found, and, very rarely, two negatives. Some grammars also recognize tag statements (e.g. That was a lovely drink, that was.).

      (2) A grammatical label attached to a word in a computer corpus to indicate its class, in a procedure known as tagging. Tags may be added manually or automatically (the latter at present with varying degrees of success).

       

      1)語法描寫用來指一類疑問結構,即疑問尾句(tag question),一般有一個助動詞加一個代名詞組成,附接在一個陳敘的結尾,用來傳遞一種否定或肯定意向。疑問尾句可以是固定不變的,如法語n’est-ce pas “是不是”和德語nicht wahr “是不是”,也可以是可變的,如英語。所有的疑問尾句,說出時的語調決定其功能,即“提問”和“告訴”的對立。英語中除了語調,尾句的極性對立通常與主要小句的相反:肯定小句帶否定尾句,否定小句帶肯定尾句。有時也見到前后兩個小句都是肯定式,偶爾見到兩個都用否定式的。有的語法還承認一種陳敘尾句,例如That was a lovely drink, that was.“那杯酒真不錯,是的?!?span>

      2)計算機語料中附加在詞上的語法標簽,指明詞所屬的類。這種做法叫加標注。標注可以人工加也可以機器自動加。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频