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      Substrate
      發布時間:2019年05月24日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Substrate

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      A term used in sociolinguistics and historical linguistics to refer to a linguistic variety or set of forms which has influenced the structure or use of a more dominant variety or language within a community. A substrate language (linguistic substrate or substratum) is particularly evidenced when a language is imposed on a community, as a result of political or economic superiority, as can be seen in the many varieties of English spoken throughout the world which incorporate characteristics of a mother-tongue. The opposite effect is known as a superstratum.

       

      社會語言學和歷史語言學術語,指一種語言變體或一組形式已影響一個社會內占主導地位的變體或語言的結構或用法。下位層語言或語言下位層特別見于一種語言因政治或經濟的優越性而強加于一個社會的情形,例如世界各地所說的許多種英語變體,它們都包含母語的一些特點。相反的效應稱作上位層。    

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频