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      Speech Act
      發布時間:2019年05月30日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Speech Act

      言語行為

       

      A term derived from the work of the philosopher J. L. Austin (1911-60), and now used widely in linguistics, to refer to a theory which analyses the role of utterances in relation to the behaviour of speaker and hearer in interpersonal communication. It is not an ‘act of speech’, but a communicative activity, defined with reference to the intentions of speakers while speaking (the illocutionary force of their utterances) and the effects they achieve on listeners (the perlocutionary effect of their utterances). Several categories of speech act have been proposed, viz. directives, commissives, expressives, declarations and representatives. The verb which are used to indicate the speech act intended by the speaker are sometimes known as performative verbs. The criteria which have to be satisfied in order for a speech act to be successful are known as felicity conditions.

       

      哲學家J. L.奧斯?。?911—1960)最早提出的術語,現廣泛用于語言學,指一種結合人際信遞中說話人和聽話者的行為來分析話段作用的理論?!把哉Z行為”不是“言語的行為”,而是指一種信遞行為,其定義參照說話人說話時的意圖(即話段的示意語力)和在聽話人身上取得的效果(即話段的語效)。已經提出的言語行為的類別有:指令語、承諾語、表情語、宣告語、表信語。用來表明說話人意圖的言語行為所用的動詞有時稱作施行動詞。一個言語行為要取得成功必須滿足的條件稱作適宜條件。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频