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      Sound Change/Law/Shift
      發布時間:2019年06月17日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Sound Change/Law/Shift

      語音演變/規律/替變

       

      Terms used in historical linguistics to describe the changes in a language’s sound system over a period of time. Many types of sound change have been recognized, e.g. whether the change affects the total number of phonemes or affects only the allophones of a phoneme. When a series of related sound changes takes place at a particular stage of a language’s history, the change is known as a sound shift. A regular series of changes is traditionally referred to in comparative philology as a sound law - one hypothesis about such ‘laws’ (the neogrammarian hypothesis) being that they had no exceptions, i.e. at a given time all words containing a sound in a given phonetic environment would change in the same way, and any which did not could be explained by reference to a further law.

       

      歷史語言學術語,用來描寫一種語言的語音系統在一段時間內的演變。語音演變已分出多種類型,例如,演變是影響全部音位還是只影響一個音位的音位變體。當一系列相關聯的語音演變發生在一種語言歷史的某一階段時,這種演變稱作語音替變。一系列有規則的演變傳統上在比較語文學中稱作語音規律——有關這種“規律”的一個假說(新語法學派假說)是它們沒有例外,即在一給定時間內在一特定語音環境中包含某一音的詞都以同樣方式演變,而任何不這樣演變的音都可以用其他規律來解釋。一些最初看上去是這類規律例外的情形,最終仍用基于這一假說的考察得到解釋。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频