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      發布時間:2019年06月28日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Subject

      主語

       

      A term used in the analysis of grammatical functions to refer to a major constituent of sentence or clause structure, traditionally associated with the ‘doer’ of an action. The oldest approaches make a twofold distinction in sentence analysis between subject and predicate, and this is still common, though not always in this terminology; other approaches distinguish subject from a series of other elements of structure. Linguistics analyses have emphasized the complexity involved in this notion, distinguishing, for example, the grammatical subject from the underlying or logical subject of a sentence. Not all subjects, moreover, can be analysed as doers of an action. In generative grammar, subject is sometimes defined as the NP immediately dominated by S. While NP is the typical formal realization of subject, other categories can have this function, e.g. clause (S-bar).

       

      分析語法功能時使用的術語,指句子或小句結構的一大組構成分,傳統上與動作的“實施者”相聯系。最古老的分析法將句子一分為二,即主語和謂語,這種分法現在依然常用,但術語可能有變化;其他分析法將主語與一系列其他結構成分相區分。語言學分析強調主語這一概念的復雜性,例如區分句子的“語法”主語和底層的“邏輯”主語。此外,并非所有主語都可分析為動作的施事。在生成語法中,主語有時定義為直接受S統制的NP。雖然NP一般是主語的實現形式,其他語類也可以充當主語,例如小句(S-杠)。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频