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      Synthetic
      發布時間:2019年07月03日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Synthetic

      綜合的

       

      (1) A term which characterizes a type of language sometimes distinguished in comparative linguistics using structural (as opposed to diachronic) criteria, and focusing on the characteristics of the word: in synthetic languages, words typically contain more than one morpheme (as opposed to analytic languages, where words are typically monomorphemic). Two types of synthetic language are usually recognized: agglutinative and inflecting - with polysynthetic sometimes additionally distinguished.

      (2) Some use is made in semantics of the sense of ‘synthetic’ found in logic and philosophy, where a synthetic proposition / sentence is one whose truth can be verified only by using empirical criteria, e.g. It’s raining, Those dogs are fierce. The term contrasts with analytic, where the internal form of the proposition makes it necessarily true, without reference to external criteria.

       

      (1)綜合[語] 比較語言學有時用結構標準(而不是歷時標準)根據詞的特點分出的一類語言;綜合語的詞一般包含不止一個語素(不像分析語的詞一般都是單語素)。綜合語一般又分為兩類:黏著語和屈析語,有時又增加一類多式綜合語。

      (2)綜合命題/句 語義學有時利用“綜合”一詞在邏輯學和哲學中的涵義,用“綜合命題/句”指只能用經驗標準驗證真假的命題或句子。例如It’s raining“下雨了”,Those dogs are fierce“那些狗很兇猛”。與之對立的是分析命題/句,即無需參照外部標準,命題的內部形式就決定其必然為真的命題或句子。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频