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      Syntagmatic
      發布時間:2019年07月04日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Syntagmatic

      組合[關系]

       

      (1) A fundamental term in linguistics, originally introduced by Ferdinand de Saussure to refer to the sequential characteristics of speech, seen as a string of constituents (sometimes, but not always) in linear order. The relationships between constituents (syntagms or syntagmas) in a construction are generally called syntagmatic relations. Sets of syntagmatically related constituents are often referred to as structures. Syntagmatic relations, together with paradigmatic relations, constitute the statement of a linguistic unit’s identity within the language system. Syntagmatic relationships can be established at all levels of analysis. In tagmemic grammar, however, the term syntagmeme is used in a restricted sense, referring to a unit in a grammatical hierarchy seen from the viewpoint of the elements (or tagmemes) it includes; e.g. the sentence is a syntagmeme for the clauses that constitute it.

      (2) In psycholinguistics, the term is sometimes used to refer to a class of associative responses which people make when hearing a stimulus word, viz. those which fall into a different word-class from the stimulus, in that the response word could precede or follow the stimulus word in a sentence. A syntagmatic response or association would be drive following car, sheep following black, etc. The syntagmatic / paradigmatic shift refers to a change in the patterns of response noted in children at around age seven, when the earlier pattern (of primarily syntagmatic associations) develops into the more adult-like pattern primarily involving paradigmatic associations.

       

      (1)(syntagm-a, -eme)(組合成分,組合法位)語言學的一個基本術語,最初由瑞士語言學家菲迪南德·德·索緒爾引入,指將言語視為(有時但不總是)以線性詞序排列的組構成分語符列時言語的序列特性。構式中組構成分(“組合成分”)之間的關系一般稱作組合關系。有組合關系的結構成分的結合稱作結構。組合關系與聚合關系一起對語言系統內語言單位的身份作出說明。各個分析平面都可確立組合關系。但在法位語法中,組合法位一語有限定涵義,指語法層級中從其包含的成分(即法位)角度定義的單位:例如句子是其包含的小句的組合法位。

      (2)心理語言學用來指聽到一個刺激詞后作出的一類聯想反應,反應詞與刺激詞不屬同一詞類,并在句子中位于刺激詞之前或之后。例如聽到car“汽車”后的組合反應或聯想是drive“駕駛”,聽到black“黑”后的組合反應是sheep“羊”(black sheep“害群之馬”)。組合/聚合轉變(syntagmatic / paradigmatic shift)指見于兒童七歲左右發生的一種反應模式的變化,即由原先(主要是組合聯想)的模式變為更接近于成人的主要是聚合聯想的模式。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频