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      Verb Phrase
      發布時間:2019年07月10日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Verb Phrase

      動詞短語

       

      The term is used in two senses. Traditionally, it refers to a group of verbs which together have the same syntactic function as a single verb, e.g. is coming, may be coming, get up to. In such phrases (verbal groups, verbal clusters), one verb is the main verb (a lexical verb) and the others are subordinate to it (auxiliary verbs, catenative verbs). A verb followed by a non-verbal particle (similar in form to a preposition or adverb) is generally referred to as a phrasal verb.

      In generative grammar, the verb phrase (VP) has a much broader definition, being euqivalent to the whole of the predicate of a sentence, as is clear from the expansion of S as NP + VP in phrase-structure grammar.

       

      有兩個涵義,傳統上指幾個動詞組合在一起,其句法功能有如單個單詞,例如is coming“正來”,may be coming“可能要來”,get up to“趕上”等。這類短語(動詞組,動詞叢)中,一個動詞是主要動詞(詞匯動詞)而其他動詞是從屬動詞(助動詞,連接動詞)。一個動詞后如果帶一個非動詞性小詞(形式上類似于介詞或副詞)一般稱作短語動詞。

      生成語法中,動詞短語的定義要寬泛得多,相當于句子的整個謂語,這可從短語結構語法將S擴展為NP+VP中清楚地看出。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频