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      英語世界
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      Variety
      發布時間:2019年07月17日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Variety

      [語言]變體

       

      A term used in sociolinguistics and stylistics to refer to any system of linguistic expression whose use is governed by situational variables. In some cases, the situational distinctiveness of the language may be easily stated, as in many regional and occupational varieties (e.g. London English, religious English); in other cases, as in studies of social class, the varieties are more difficult to define, involving the intersection of several variables (e.g. sex, age, occupation). Several classifications of language varieties have been proposed, involving such terms as dialect, register, medium and field. For some sociolinguists, ‘variety’ is given a more restricted definition, as one kind of situational distinctive language - a specialized type of language used within a dialect, e.g. for occupational purposes.

       

      社會語言學和風格學用來指任何一個語言表達系統,其用法受情景變項的支配。有的語言變體,情景的區別性很容易說明,如許多地域變體和職業變體(例如倫敦英語,宗教英語);而有的情景,如社會等級的研究,語言變體很難確定,因為涉及多個變項的交叉(例如性別、年齡、職業等)。已經提出的語言變體的分類法有多種,涉及方言、語域、媒體、語場這樣一些術語。有些社會語言學家對“語言變體”的定義較狹窄,只指一類情景獨特的語言,即一種方言內部的一類特殊化的語言,例如用于職業目的的語言。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频