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      Word And Paradigm
      發布時間:2019年07月30日     發布人:nanyuzi  
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      Word And Paradigm

      WP)詞與詞形變化

       

      A morphological model of description which sees the word as the basic unit of analysis, operating within a set of variables which constitute a paradigm. This is the traditional model of description, as illustrated from Latin grammars (e.g. amo, amas, amat ... constitutes the paradigm of the lexeme amo). WP is seen as a major alternative to the two other main approaches to morphological analysis: item and process and item and arrangement. In contrast to the traditional use of paradigms in language study, linguistics does not arbitrarily choose one form of a word (the ‘leading form’) as given and derive the rest of the paradigm from this ( the student usually learning it by rote); rather, the aim is to define a common factor (a root or stem) within the paradigm, neutral with respect to the variant forms of the paradigm, and to derive the variant forms from this, e.g. using rules.

       

      指一種形態學描寫模型,將詞視為基本分析單位,由一組變體構成一個詞形變化表。這是傳統的描寫模型,如各種拉丁語法所示(例如amo,amas,amat...等構成詞位amo“愛”的詞形變化表。WP被認為與另外兩種形態學分析模型相對立:項目與變化,項目與配列。與傳統語言研究利用詞形變化表的做法相反,當今語言學并不任意選擇詞的一個形式(“主導形式”)作為給定形式并由此派生詞形變化的其他形式,而是在諸變化詞形內確定一個公因子(詞根或詞干),它相對各變體形式是中性的,并通過規則或其他手段派生出各變體形式。

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      在线精品国产一区二区三区,欧美最猛性XXXXX大叫,亚欧美日韩香蕉在线播放视频